Spin Coating Hydrogel Films

Thin hydrogel films have attracted great attention due to their promising applications in molecular separation, medical dressings, flexible electronics, etc. The tough physical hydrogel films by spin coating of a P (acrylic acid-co-acrylamide) or P (AAc-co-NIPAm) polymer solution and a subsequent gelation process, in which robust carboxyl–Fe3+ coordination complexes
were formed.


(a) Schematic for the profile of the disc hydrogel film. (b) Thickness profile of the P(AAc-co-AAm) hydrogel film fabricated with different spin times


By controlling the spin time, spin speed, and concentration of the polymer solution, the thickness of the films could be well tuned, ranging from several to hundreds of micrometers. The hydrogel films showed excellent mechanical properties, with tensile breaking strengths, breaking strains, Young’s moduli and tearing fracture energies. The obtained gel films showed a fast response (<60 s) and a large output force (~0.2 MPa) triggered by a concentrated saline solution, making them an ideal material in the design of chemomechanical device.

Image Credits: RSC Publishing


Reference: DOI: 10.1039/c8sm01126e


Epitaxial Films Through Spin Coating – Used In

Spin coating machine can be used to deposit epitaxial films of inorganic materials such as zinc oxide (ZnO), lead (II) iodide (PbI 2), sodium chloride (NaCl) and cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr 3) onto a variety of single-crystal and single-crystal–like substrates. The spin coating process can use either solutions of the material or precursors to the material.


Epitaxial films using spin coating machine for flexible electronics, displays, and solar cells


spin coating machines for flexible electronics, displays, and solar cells
Epitaxial Spin Coating Schematic


The spin coating of epitaxial films offers an inexpensive and readily accessible route to single crystal like materials that should exhibit superior electronic and optical properties owing to the absence of high-angle grain boundaries.The films were deposited from solutions of the material or of the material that readily converted to the final product with only volatile side products. The precursor route used for depositing ZnO from an ammine complex should be applicable to other metal oxides.

Spin coating also offers two avenues to highly ordered semiconductors for flexible electronics, displays, and solar cells. The materials can be spin coated onto flexible single crystal like metal foils or they can be deposited by more conventional vapor deposition techniques onto spin-coated water soluble salts such as NaCl that serve as sacrificial templates for epitaxial lift off of free-standing semiconductor foils.

Reference: DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw6184, Science Magazine Digital



Application Of Spin Coating Process In Thin Film Fabrication

We prepared PMMA-LZO polymer composite film by ultrasound-assisted mixing of PMMA and LZO solution followed by spin coating process, the solution on ITO (Indium tin oxide) coated the glass. The spin coater (Navson-NT12000) used here was vacuum free chamber. Operating conditions such as the 2000 rpm for 10 seconds and ramped to 6000 rpm for 20 seconds were maintained with N2 gas supply. The final thickness of the film measured to be 1.6 µm using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The thickness of the film was uniform and smooth surface finish. PMMA-LZO polymer composite film was further used as a dielectric layer in the film capacitor.

Kishor Kumar M J
Doctoral Student
NITK Surathkal
Karnataka, India



Spin Coating Process Theory


Spin coating has been used for several decades for the application of thin lms. A typical process involves depositing a
small puddle of a fuid resin onto the center of a substrate and then spinning the substrate at high speed (typically around
3000 rpm). Centripetal acceleration will cause the resin to spread to, and eventually off, the edge of the substrate leaving a thin film of resin on the surface. Final film thickness and other properties will depend on the nature of the resin (viscosity, drying rate, percent solids, surface tension, etc.) and the parameters chosen for the spin process.

Factors such as final rotational speed, acceleration, and fume exhaust contribute to how the properties of coated films are defined. One of the most important factors in spin coating is repeat-ability. Subtle variations in the
parameters that define the spin process can result in drastic variations in the coated film.

Source: Spin Coat Theory